9188彩票网怎么买不了:Environmental

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Materials

We know that it is only by being close to our customers that we can understand and fulfil their needs, finding new ways to improve sustainable product performance and reduce environmental impacts. In 2016 we introduced the concept of intrinsic and extrinsic sustainability benefits. Intrinsic refers to attributes such as renewable raw material content, product purity and cradle-to-gate life cycle assessment. We assess the compliance of our new products with the 12 Principles of Green Chemistry and in 2017 our New and Protected Products (NPP) scored an average of 10.6 out of 12.

 

In 2017, 61.1% of the raw materials we used were from renewable sources, a unique position amongst our peers in the speciality chemical manufacturing industry. The growth of crops from which many of our raw materials are derived, removes CO-2 from the atmosphere, resulting in low carbon footprints for many of our products. The extrinsic sustainability impacts of our products include the social, environmental and financial benefits that our products have in use. We are working to quantify these benefits for some of our product application areas, calculating associated carbon savings.

 

We are leading the way in the transformation to Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) certified palm oil derivatives, and are continually striving to increase transparency in our raw material supply chains. Our twelve manufacturing sites certified to the Mass Balance process handle around 99% of our global palm oil derivatives.  In 2017 we saw a 60% increase in Certified Sustainable Palm Oil (CSPO) sales volumes compared to 2016.

 

Energy, Water, Emissions, Effluents and Waste, Biodiversity

Environmental Impact is one of the 10 Material Areas of our sustainability programme.

Our manufacturing processes take raw materials and intermediates from our suppliers and we subject them to chemical and physical processes that require resources such as energy, air and water. We strive to minimise the resources and minimise the waste generated with every kilogram of product we make. We then pack our products in recyclable packaging, and where possible aim to manufacture the products as close as possible to our customers to minimise the energy required for transportation. We measure the impacts of our resource consumption and waste generation, and have set targets to reduce these impacts:

 

  • Based on 2015, to reduce total Group energy intensity by 5% by the end of 2020
  • Based on 2015, to reduce total Group carbon intensity by 10% by the end of 2020
  • Based on 2015, to generate 27% of the Group’s total energy requirements from non-fossil fuel sources by the end of 2020.
  • Based on 2015, to reduce total VOC emissions by 10% by the end of 2020.
  • Based on 2015, to reduce total Group water withdrawal by 10% by the end of 2020
  • Based on 2015, to reduce Group waste to landfill by 10% by the end of 2020.

The SHE Manager at every manufacturing site is responsible for measuring our environmental impact and adhering to local regulations and policies where applicable. Progressive targets are set by our Group Executive Committee and each site reports on a quarterly basis to Group SHE, who collates the results for the quarterly SHE Steering Committee.

At these meetings, issues are discussed and actions agreed between the Group Vice President of Sustainability, the Group Executive Committee representative and subsequently the relevant Site Director. Improvement plans for non-manufacturing locations are also managed in this way, though the primary focus remains on the largest contributors.

Compliance

We recognise that reducing the environmental and societal impact of our 19 manufacturing sites is essential for our continued license to operate. We therefore have very robust compliance processes in place at each of our manufacturing sites. As a minimum, sites adhere to local regulation and policy, but we often go above and beyond this and require global compliance with stretching Group policies.

We have a number of internal compliance targets, such as compliance with effluent discharge, and our SHE experts regularly attend industry seminars to keep up to date with compliance, as well as contributing to relevant industry bodies to advise and shape relevant legislation.

Partial Reporting

We are a speciality chemical manufacturer who creates high-performance ingredients that enhance everyday products: from hair and beauty, to pharmaceuticals, lubricants and more.

The foundation of our business rests upon natural ingredients, with a large percentage of our raw materials originating from renewable sources. In 2017, 61.1% of raw materials came from natural, renewable sources. The growth of crops from which many of our raw materials are derived, removes CO-2 from the atmosphere, resulting in low carbon footprints for many of our products.

Renewable materials   61.1%
Non-renewable materials
 38.9% 
Total
 100%

This data, covering all external global spend on raw material and process aids, is readily extracted from our SAP system and characterised as being renewable or non-renewable. We do not report product tonnage because it is commercially sensitive. The data also does not include materials for packaging purposes as we currently do not have systems in place to record this data.

The focus on sustainable raw materials and greener, cleaner, safer manufacturing methods is continuing to grow in the speciality chemicals industry. Our heritage in naturally derived products puts us at the forefront of this evolution, with sustainability embedded in our innovations since the launch of our first product, lanolin.

Therefore, new product developments continue to focus on green chemistry, whilst meeting the demands of our customers and the stringent safety standards within our industry. Throughout 2017, our NPPs scored an average of 10.6 against the 12 Principles of Green Chemistry.

This focus on green chemistry goes hand in hand with sustainable supply, which is why we continue to be strong advocates for the responsible sourcing of palm oil, palm kernel oil (PO/PKO) and its derivatives. It remains a key priority for us, and twelve of our manufacturing sites globally are certified to handle sustainable PO/PKO products to the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) Mass Balance process. Out of the 14 manufacturing sites handing handling PO/PKO derivatives globally, these handle over 99% of our total volume, demonstrating our commitment to drive sustainable PO forward.

Further details on our performance against Product Stewardship and Product Design can be found on pages 10-15 of the Sustainability Report

At Croda, we have carefully measured emissions of gases implicated in climate change for more than 15 years and have consistently set targets for reduction. Increasingly demanding targets have been set for 2020 by our Group Executive Committee under the guidance of the SHE Steering Committee. To ensure actions can be taken to bring about change, all major SHE targets are set over a five year time period.

Total energy consumption in 2017 was 3,665,622 GJ.

Total fuel consumption from non-renewable sources (GJ):

 
 2016
2017 
Natural Gas
2,373,905
 2,489,036
Light fuel oil
16,353
 13,649
Heavy fuel oil
3,026
 2,866
Gasoline
8,625
 11,025
Propane/LPG
 9,004
 6,579
Diesel (Vehicle Fuel)
 18,094
 24,217
Total
2,429,007
 2,547,370

Total fuel consumption from renewable sources (GJ):

 
 2016
2017 
Biofuel
445,044
 443,206
Wind turbine/ Solar
14,425
 20,797
Total

459,469 

 464,003

Self-generated electricity which was not consumed (GJ):

 
2016
2017 
Wind turbine 
 1,458
2,986 
 Total
 1,458
 2,986
Total intermediate energy consume?d (GJ):
   2016
 2017
Electricity
 527,252
 525,242
Steam
96,727
 129,006
Total
623,979
 654,248

Direct energy sources sold (GJ):

   2016  2017
Electricity
1,458
 2,986
Steam
0
 0
Total
1,458
 2,986

Data is reported by  manufacturing and non-manufacturing sites on a quarterly basis using meter readings or invoice data. Energy is only reported for manufacturing sites and does not include offices and warehouses. International electricity conversion factors are taken from: International Energy Agency Data Services - 'CO2 emissions from fuel combustion' latest available edition. Fuel conversion factors are taken from the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative (GHG Protocol)

Further details on energy use can be found in our Sustainability Report on pages 19-23.

Energy intensity for 2017 was 6,330 GJ per £1m turnover (6,377 GJ per £1m turnover in 2016). Energy intensity is based on our ’value added’, which is operating profit before depreciation and employee costs. To calculate energy intensity we divide energy consumption by value added.  The types of energy included in the intensity ratio are electricity, fuel, steam consumed within the organisation.

In 2015, we set a target to reduce total group energy intensity by 5% by the end of 2020, using the 2015 baseline.

Energy intensity is based on our ’value added’, which is operating profit before depreciation and employee costs. To calculate energy intensity we divide energy consumption by value added, which for 2017 saw an 11.3% reduction compared to 2015, indicative of improving energy efficiencies brought about by our investments in energy conservation, especially the new bio-gas Combined Heat and Power plant at our Gouda manufacturing site in the Netherlands. This is an integrated bio-refinery and uses by-product materials to generate energy.

In line with our commitment to continue investing in energy saving initiatives, a detailed energy survey has now been carried out at our Rawcliffe Bridge site in the UK, from which a five year energy programme is being developed. We have also achieved ISO 50001 registration at our manufacturing sites in Hull in the UK and Mevisa in Spain. This has required us to develop an energy strategy and a detailed understanding of the energy situation at each site, as well as investing in training for all personnel on how to manage energy.

Further details on energy use can be found in our 2017 Sustainability Report on pages 19-23.

In 2015, we set a target to reduce total Group water withdrawal by 10% by then end of 2020, using 2015 as the baseline.  In 2017, we recorded a 4.4% reduction in water consumption, compared to 2015.

Total volume of water withdrawn by source  (m3):

 
2017 
Total surface water
 2,605,651
Total groundwater
 3,562,101
Total municipal process water
 164,143
Total municipal mains water
 1,679,435
Total water  8,011,330

Data reported by manufacturing sites and non-manufacturing sites on a quarterly basis using invoiced data from utility companies and direct reading of meters.

Two manufacturing sites have contributed significantly to this achievement, both of which are in water stressed regions: Thane, India has recorded a 24% reduction in total water usage since 2015; and our Mevisa manufacturing site in Spain has reduced its water usage by 13.8% compared to 2016.

We were also awarded a rating of B by CDP in 2017 for our performance on water reporting and conservation, maintaining the strong position we had in 2016.

 

Further details on how we are tackling the issue of water quality and supply can be found on page 22 of the 2017 Sustainability Report.

A review of the locations of our 19 manufacturing sites did not identify any sites that are located in, or adjacent to protected areas, or in areas of high biodiversity according to the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands and UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

We have identified that six of our manufacturing sites are close to some areas of high biodiversity, which are Hull (UK), Rawcliffe Bridge (UK), Campinas (Brazil), Mevisa (Spain), Cikarang (Indonesia) and Shiga (Japan). We are managing the environmental impact of these sites at a local level and setting targets to ensure that we minimise our impact on the environment by effectively managing the material business risk of Environmental Impact.

Our operation at Hull is near the Humber estuary, which is designated as a Special Area of Conservation (SAC) and a Special Protection Area (SPA), as well as being designated as a UNESCO Ramsar Wetland. The river next to the site leads to the Humber estuary and we have a local team in place to continually monitor our effluent discharge. We have also instigated a number of projects on the site to encourage biodiversity including: planting indigenous trees on the boundary of the site to support local wildlife and re-establishing a marsh and pond area on site to support local biodiversity. A biodiversity study has also been conducted at the site by an independent expert and we are in the process of implementing the recommendations.

Our operation at Shiga is near to Biwa-ko, the largest freshwater lake in Japan, which is designated as a UNESCO Ramsar Wetland. The river Uryu is next to the site and leads to Biwa-ko, but as at our Hull site, we have a local team in place that continually monitors our water usage and effluent discharge. Our management teams and SHE experts are working hard at Shiga to reduce our water usage, which will reduce our local environmental impact. A team from the site also volunteers every year to help manage the river weeds along the Urya to support local biodiversity.

Over recent years, our Mevisa manufacturing site in Spain has gone through major expansion, requiring the site’s utilities to undergo a number of upgrades. These upgrades have included an expanded effluent treatment plant to increase the volume of water that can be treated on a daily basis, whilst maintaining a COD discharge level well below the legal limit. They have invested in improved cooling and refrigeration systems to increase the recirculation of cooling water from approximately 55% to approximately 75%. This has reduced water extraction by the site from the stressed local aquifer.?

Further details on how we are tackling key environmental issues can be found on pages 19-23 of the 2017 Sustainability Report.

We understand that our operations may have an impact upon local biodiversity and we take the stewardship of our own land very seriously. Therefore, we will continue to review our impact on land, water and air.

For more than 15 years we have carefully monitored our environmental impact and set targets to reduce this at all of our manufacturing sites. Reductions in energy and water usage, emissions to air and water and waste production, which has a continuing positive effect in reducing our impact on biodiversity in the areas in which we operate.

In particular, our emissions and waste production have been carefully monitored by our Safety Health and Environment (SHE) group to ensure that we reduce our impact wherever possible and are responsible in the disposal of liquid effluent or solid waste. In 2017, our sites were >99% compliant with liquid effluent discharge consents. We also reduced our waste to landfill by 15.9% in 2017 compared to 2015.

In 2014, we completed pilot biodiversity surveys at two of our operations. We have recently set up a biodiversity committee at our Cowick Hall headquarters in the UK. Here, we have 40 hectares of varied land use. We will put into place an action plan to enhance and protect biodiversity at the site, based on recommendations from our biodiversity survey and working with local experts.

We continue to launch many new innovations, all of which have intrinsic or extrinsic sustainability benefits, or both. For instance, within our range of crop spraying adjuvants we introduced a new drift reduction agent called AtplusTM DRT-100 for the agriculture industry in 2016, where reducing off-target spray drift has long been a major concern. To investigate how we could optimise drop size and shape in order to target spraying accurately onto crops, we invested nearly US$1 million into a low-speed wind tunnel in North America to aid the development of Atplus DRT-100. This product enables farmers to minimise the waste of expensive products, such as pesticides, whilst also reducing the negative impact on the surrounding environment and wildlife. As well as these extrinsic sustainability benefits in use, Atplus DRT-100 is made from 100% renewable raw materials, making it an all-round intrinsic and extrinsic performer.

Our new product development teams are committed to making our products as environmentally friendly as reasonably practicable and each year we measure and report new launches against the 12 Principles of Green Chemistry. A number of these principles relate to potential environmental effects that could harm biodiversity including, toxicity, hazardous by-products, persistence and chemical accidents. We aim to reduce the use of environmentally harmful chemicals by finding greener, safer alternatives and always take precautions with any chemicals that could pose a risk to the environment, often going beyond the standards required by legislation. In 2017, the average score for our new product launches was 10.6.

There are a number of key areas where we have influenced our suppliers and customers to provide sustainably sourced raw materials to ensure the preservation of biodiversity.

Case Study – Sustainable Palm Oil Sourcing

?

An important part of our Product Stewardship strategy, and a key priority for Croda, involves responsibly addressing the social and environmental issues associated with palm oil (PO) and palm kernel oil (PKO). For us, this means forming close partnerships with the complex PO and PKO derivatives supply chains.

?

The majority of PO/PKO we consume are derivatives that are sourced via a complex supply chain which historically did not lend itself to sustainable certification. Nonetheless, in 2010, we were perhaps the first ingredient suppliers to support Sustainable Palm Oil via the Book & Claim process by developing our own methodology to provide our customers with the data needed to purchase GreenPalm certificates. The RSPO Derivatives Working Group, of which we are members, later gained approval for a methodology that aligns to ours.

?

Between 2012 and 2015 we obtained RSPO Supply Chain Certification for 12 of our manufacturing plants covering all geographic regions. These plants process 99% of our palm derivative volumes. RSPO physical supply chain certification for Mass Balance or Segregation is important because it ensures that sustainable raw material is drawn into the supply chains and consumed. By the end of 2017, 76% of consumer businesses’ products containing palm oil converted to RSPO certified.? We have subsequently obtained RSPO Supply Chain Certification for our Sederma business and our Ditton Suncare and biopolymer plant will be certified in 2018.

?

In 2018 we have further strengthened our commitment by working with a third party, independent organisation to confirm and verify transparency of our supply chains up to plantation for palm oil derivatives and mills/area for palm kernel derivatives. This work involves collecting data from major suppliers of palm and palm kernel oil derivatives, who supply 80% of the volume of palm derivatives we use. Mapping out our supply chain in more detail using this data will enable a risk assessment of the sourcing areas and mills.

?

Working with this third party independent organisation to increase traceability of our palm derived raw materials will continue to ensure progress towards fully sustainable and deforestation-free sourcing by 2020.

?

Our full statement on sustainable palm oil can be found on our website:?Croda Palm Oil Statement


We measure GHG emissions at all of our manufacturing and non-manufacturing sites compared to a baseline year of 2015, against which all of our current environmental targets are set. Since 2015 our Scope 1 GHG emissions have received limited verification in accordance with the requirements of the ISO 14064-3 standard by Carbon Smart.

Scope 1 GHG emissions (TeCO2e):


 
2015
2016
 2017
Fossil Fuels
126,551
123,418
 129,924
Biofuels
454
1,590
 1,473
VOC
534
473
 540
Non-Manufacturing
2,953
3,069
 2,625
Total Gross
130,492
128,550
 134,562
Types of GHG included, as applicable: CO2, N2O, CH4, HFCs, PFCs and SF6. The baseline year data is 2015 for the current five year target period and is recalculated when we acquire or shed sites. Emissions factors are calculated using the GHG Protocol and International Energy Agency’s published conversion factors and the methodology used is as per GHG Protocol Corporate Standard. Manufacturing and non-manufacturing sites which we have financial control of are included.

Since 2015, we have seen a 3.1% increase in CO2 emissions.

In 2017, our use of non-fossil fuels and renewable energy has eliminated 23,543 tonnes of CO2 emissions, which is equivalent to taking 11,831 cars off the road for a year.

For further details on our GHG emissions, please see our CDP Report.


We measure GHG emissions at all of our manufacturing and non-manufacturing sites against our baseline year of 2015. Since 2015 our Scope 2 GHG emissions have received limited verification in accordance with the requirements of the ISO 14064-3 standard by Carbon Smart.

Scope 2 GHG emissions (TeCO2e):

 
2015
2016
 2017
Electricity
64,570
61,861
 59,358
Steam
7,158
5,489
 7,074
Total
71,727
67,350
 66,432

Types of GHG included, as applicable: CO2, N2O, CH4, HFCs, PFCs and SF6. The baseline year data is 2015 for the current five year target period and is recalculated when we acquire or shed sites. Emissions factors are calculated using the GHG Protocol and International Energy Agency’s published conversion factors and the methodology used is as per GHG Protocol Corporate Standard. Manufacturing and non-manufacturing sites which we have financial control of are included.

Scope 2 GHG emissions have decreased by 7.4% since 2015.

For further details on our GHG emissions, please see our CDP Report.

In 2015, we began measuring scope 3 carbon emissions. Since 2015 our Scope 3 GHG emissions have received limited verification in accordance with the requirements of the ISO 14064-3 standard by Carbon Smart. The materiality and accuracy of these reported emissions is under significant development by us at this time and Carbon Smart’s observations on development needs are being actively incorporated into our approach for future reporting.

Scope 3 GHG sources included in the verification process: Raw materials; water supply and treatment; legal services; capital goods; well to tank fuels; well to tank electricity; electricity transmission and distribution (T&D); waste; air travel; car travel; other travel; employee commuting; upstream T&D

Scope 3 GHG emission (TeCO2e):

Reporting Category
2015
      2016
 2017
Purchased Goods and Services
        558,556 
   513,668
 628,038
Capital Goods
102,082
116,230
 116,230
Fuel and Energy Related Activities
32,454
31,668
 33,574
Upstream Transportation and Distribution
58,584
  86,587
 99,275
Waste Generated in Operations
 1,175
 1,137
 1,337
Business Travel
 10,882
 12,972
 15,585
Employee Commuting
 5,111
8,729
 5,330
Total Gross
   768,844
   770,991
 899,368
Types of GHG included, as applicable: CO2, N2O, CH4, HFCs, PFCs and SF6. The baseline year data is 2015 for the current five year target period and is recalculated when we acquire or shed sites. Emissions factors are calculated using the GHG Protocol and International Energy Agency's published conversion factors and the methodology used is as per GHG Protocol Corporate Standard. Manufacturing and non-manufacturing sites which we have financial control of are included.

We have a new target to reduce total Group Scope 1 and 2 GHG emissions intensity by 10% from a 2015 baseline. We are currently ahead of this new 2020 target with a 14.9% reduction in GHG emission intensity in 2017 compared with 2015. However, when our ECO bio-ethylene oxide (EO) plant comes online in 2018, our Group scope 1 and 2 emissions will increase, because in producing our own ethylene oxide, we are reducing carbon emissions elsewhere in our supply chain and taking on a greater burden ourselves. However, even with the inclusion of our ECO plant, other carbon projects taking place across the group mean we anticipate meeting this target.

GHG emissions intensity for 2017 was 347 tonnes CO2e / £m.

Our chosen measure of GHG emission intensity divides our scope 1 and 2 GHG emissions by value added, defined as operating profit before depreciation and employee costs at 2015 constant currency. The 14.9% reduction in emissions intensity since 2015 illustrates how our Business has grown without a negative impact on GHG emissions intensity.

Types of GHG included, as applicable: CO2, N2O, CH4, HFCs, PFCs and SF6.

As with all of our environmental impact targets, we report data for manufacturing sites against a baseline year of 2015.

Since 2015, our baseline year, total scope 1 and 2 emissions have fallen by 0.6%, even as our Business has expanded and new capacity has been commissioned. Within this, scope 1 emissions have increased by 3.1%, whilst scope 2 emissions have fallen by 7.4%. We have been working on a project to increase the accuracy of our scope 3 emissions reporting, and this year used a hybrid model to calculate the emissions associated with our “Purchased Goods and Services” category, which provide the largest contribution to overall scope 3 emissions. With this increased accuracy, the total amount of scope 3 emissions has increased. Once we have an accurate measure of the scope 3 carbon associated with our raw materials, we will be able to work with our suppliers to reduce these emissions.

Changes in total GHG emissions (TeCO2e):

 
2015
2016
2017 
Scope 1
130,492
128,550
 134,562
Scope 2
71,727
67,350
 66,432
Scope 3
 583,140
 596,330
 899,368
Total
785,359
792,230  1,100,362

Types of GHG included, as applicable: CO2, N2O, CH4, HFCs, PFCs and SF6.The baseline year data is 2015 for the current five year target period and is recalculated when we acquire or shed sites. Emissions factors are calculated using the GHG Protocol and International Energy Agency’s published conversion factors and the methodology used is as per GHG Protocol Corporate Standard. Manufacturing sites and non-manufacturing sites which we have financial control of are included.

Partial Reporting

Our primary focus is on reducing our direct CO2 outputs. We do, however, continue to monitor and set targets to reduce our Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) emissions. Our current target is a 10% reduction in total Group VOC emissions by 2020 from a 2015 baseline.  Despite increased production volumes, in 2017 our VOC emissions were within 1% of our 2015 emissions. We measure VOC at the ten manufacturing sites where it is a material issue for us.

Other significant emissions (kg):

 
2015
2016
2017 
VOCs
157,163
139,191
 158,939

We do not measure persistent organic pollutants, hazardous air pollutants or particulate matter because we emit zero or very negligible amounts at our manufacturing sites so it is not considered material.

We are no longer reporting NOx and SOx emissions as these are included in our Scope 1 - Scope 3 GHG emissions as CO2 equivalents.

In 2015 we set a target to reduce Group water withdrawal by 10%, based on 2015, by the end of 2020. We are on track to meet this target with our total water consumption in 2017 being 4.4% lower than the baseline year of 2015, as detailed in GRI Specific Disclosure 303-1.

Our compliance with effluent discharge consents was better than ever in 2015 at 99.83% and there remain only four sites that have occasional issues with waste water, usually down to external factors such as weather. Therefore, in 2016 we took the decision not to continue with effluent discharge compliance as a public target. Internal monitoring continues to maintain tight control of our effluent treatment plants.

Total volume of planned and unplanned discharges (m3):

  2015 2016  2017
Effluent discharged directly to river 6,290,125 5,996,557  5,797,942
Effluent discharged to local biological treatment works 1,155,547 1,208,714  1,279,423
Total discharged 7,445,672 7,205,271  7,077,365

Data reported quarterly by manufacturing sites and is taken from utility company invoices or from direct reading. Compliance of samples analysed and results are compared against consent limits issued by local regulators for those manufacturing sites which have a permit to discharge.


We recognise that the deposition of waste to landfill is not sustainable, permanently modifying land and potentially introducing contamination to both air and water. In 2016 we set a target to reduce Group waste to landfill by 10% by the end of 2020. As of the end of 2017 we are ahead of target having achieved a 15.9% reduction in waste to landfill since 2015.

Total waste by disposal method (tonnes):

 
2015
2016
 2017
Total landfill waste
2,106
2,053
1,771 
Total incinerated waste
5,099
6,116
6,092 
Total other waste disposal routes     22,336
26,709
32,477 
Total recycled or recovered     19,202
17,971
22,003 
Total waste   48,743
52,849
62,343 

Non-hazardous waste by disposal method (tonnes):

 
2015
2016
 2017
 Landfill waste
 1,828
 1,740
 1,430
 Incinerated waste
2,049
2,419
 2,535
 Other waste disposal routes
21,062
25,410
 31,119
 Recycled or recovered
15,827
15,879
 19,163
 Total non hazardous waste
40,765
45,448
 54,247

Hazardous waste by disposal method (tonnes):

 
2015
2016
 2017
 Landfill waste
278
313
 341
 Incinerated waste
3,050
3,697
 3,557
 Other waste disposal routes
1,274
1,299
 1,358
 Recycled or recovered
3,375
2,092
 2,840
 Total hazardous waste
7,976
7,401
 8,096

Method of disposal determined either directly by audit or provided by the waste disposal contractor. We do not dispose of waste by composting, reusing or on-site storage. Data reported for manufacturing sites only.

Details on how we are tackling the issue of landfill waste can be found on page 22 of the 2017 Sustainability Report.

There were no significant or reportable spills across all of our operations in 2017.

In 2017, our manufacturing site in Campinas, Brazil, received a fine of 4,600 USD following two public complaints of odour from the effluent treatment plant. An improvement programme has since been actioned.

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